Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection spread through inhaling tiny droplets from the coughs or sneezes of an infected person. Although it is spread in a similar way to a cold or the flu, TB is not as contagious. You would usually have to spend prolonged periods in close contact with an infected person to catch the infection yourself, by living or working with them.
TB is a serious condition, but can be cured with proper treatment.
TB mainly affects the lungs. However, it can affect any part of the body, including the glands, bones and nervous system.
Typical symptoms of TB include;
- a persistent cough that lasts more then three weeks and usually brings up phlegm which may be bloody
- loss of weight for no obvious reason
- night sweats
- high temperature (fever)
- general and unusual sense of tiredness and being unwell
- loss of appetite
- new swellings that haven't gone away after a few weeks
If you have any of these symptoms, you should make an appointment to see a GP. (These symptoms can have many different causes and are not always a sign of TB)
TB is curable with a course of special antibiotics.
BCG Vaccination is the most effective against sever forms of TB in children, but does not prevent all forms of the disease, so even if you have had a BCG as a child it is important that you are aware of the symptoms of TB.
Meningitis ACWY Vaccine
Meningococcal disease is a rare but life threatening infectious disease caused by a bacteria - Neisseria meningitidis.
It is recommended that all first time university entrants up to 25 years old should have the Meningitis ACWY vaccination BEFORE or soon after they start university.
DOWNLOAD: Meningitis ACWY patient leaflet
For further details, read the NHS information on Meningitis ACWY vaccination www.nhs.uk/Conditions/vaccinations/Pages/men-acwy-vaccine.aspx
International students should also consult their doctor to try to be immunised at least 3 weeks before their arrival in the UK. The University Medical Service will immunise anyone aged 24 or under who has not been immunised before arrival.
Meningococcal Disease (Meningitis)
Meningitis and septicaemia can kill in hours - know the symptoms;
www.meningitis.org/symptoms written and audio information in 22 languages about how to recognise the symptoms of meningitis and septicaemia.
MMR (Measles, Mumps and Rubella)
In the last year there have been outbreaks of Mumps in UK Universities.
Mumps is an infectious disease caused by the mumps virus. It is a mild disease in most people, causing very little upset and may even go completely unnoticed. In others however, it can have severe complications. These include meningitis, encephalitis, deafness, inflammation of the pancreas, swelling of the testes or ovaries (and infertility can occur as a result of these complications affecting the testicles and ovaries).
The UK Government’s Department of Health has advised all students entering University to ensure they have had a recent MMR booster immunisation unless:
a) The student has had a booster MMR in the preceding 3 months
b) The student is certain they have had 2 MMRs in the past
c) The student has a medical reason for not having the MMR
Please check with your usual medical adviser and where necessary obtain the vaccine prior to arrival at UEA. Students who are unable to obtain the vaccine will be offered the vaccine by the University Medical Service.
More information about MMR can be found at www.nhs.uk/Conditions/vaccinations/Pages/mmr-vaccine.aspx
Students; always tell a housemate or resident tutor if you are not feeling well. They can then check up on you and take action as needed.